Diabetes is a chronic medical condition characterized by high blood sugar levels, also known as hyperglycemia. It occurs when the body either doesn’t produce enough insulin (a hormone that regulates blood sugar) or cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. There are two main types of diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes: This is an autoimmune condition in which the body’s immune system mistakenly attacks and destroys the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas. People with Type 1 diabetes require lifelong insulin therapy to control their blood sugar levels.
Type 2 diabetes: This is the most common form of diabetes, accounting for the majority of cases. It occurs when the body becomes resistant to the effects of insulin or doesn’t produce enough insulin to meet the body’s needs. Type 2 diabetes is often associated with lifestyle factors such as obesity, physical inactivity, and unhealthy eating habits. It can often be managed through lifestyle changes, such as a healthy diet, regular physical activity, and sometimes medications.